Effect of different fertilizing and farming systems in annual medic (Medicago scutellata ’Robinson’) on soil organic matter and nutrients status

Ghobad Shabani, M. R. Chaichi, Mohammad Reza Ardakani, J. K. FRIDEL, K. Khavazi


This experiment was conducted to study the effect of different fertilizing and farming systems in annual medic (Medicago scutellata ‘Robinson’) on soil organic matter and nutrients status. Fertilizing systems consisted of control (no fertilizer), chemical fertilizer, biological fertilizer and integrated fertilizers (different combinations of chemical and biological fertilizing systems). The farming systems included irrigated and dry-farming systems. The experiment was conducted in two experimental sites with diverse climatic and soil conditions in Kermanshah province, Iran, during 2009 growing season. The highest amount of soil organic matter of 1.28 % was observed in integrated fertilizing system of nitrogen-fixing bacteria + phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria. Most of the nitrogen applied through chemical fertilizers was leached out of the plant access, however, application of integrated fertilizer resulted in increasing the concentration of nitrogen in soil because of its slow release and efficient utilization by plants. According to the results of this study it was concluded that the integrated fertilizing system was more successful in dry farming compared to other fertilizing systems.


annual medic; fertilizing system; farming system; soil nutrients; soil organic matter; climatic conditions

Full Text:



Azcon, S. and Kapoor, K. (1998). Effects of inoculation of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and an arbuscular mycorrizal fungus on mung bean grown under natural soil condition. Mycorrhiza, 7 (5),249-253. Doi: 10.1007/s005720050188

Banerjee, A., Datta, J.K., Mondal, N.K., Chanda, T. (2011). Influence of integrated nutrient management on soil properties of old alluvial soil under mustard cropping system. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 42, 2473–2492. Doi: 10.1080/00103624.2011.609256

Bashan Y. Levanony H. (1990). Current status of Azospirillum inoculation technology: Azospirillum as a challenge for agriculture. Can. J. Microbial, 36, 561-607. Doi: 10.1139/m90-105

Duarah, I., Deka, M., Saikia, M., Deka Boruah, H.P.(2011). Phosphate solubilizers enhance NPK fertilizer use efficiency in rice and legume cultivation. 3 Biotech, 1, 227–238. Doi: 10.1007/s13205-011-0028-2

Garai, T.K., Datta, J.K., Mondal, N.K. (2014). Evaluation of integrated nutrient management on Boro rice in alluvial soil and its impacts upon growth, yield attributes yield and soil nutrient status. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci., 60, 1–14. Doi: 10.1080/03650340.2013.766721

Hariprasad P, Niranjana, S.R. (2009). Isolation and characterization of phosphate solubilizing rhizobacteria to improve plant health of tomato. Plant Soil, 316,13–24. Doi: 10.1007/s11104-008-9754-6

Kim K, Yim WJ, Trivedi P, Madhaiyan M, Deka Boruah HP, Islam MR, Lee G, Sa TM (2009) Synergistic effects of inoculating arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Methylobacterium oryzae strains on growth and nutrient uptake of red pepper (Capsicum annum L). Plant Soil. Doi: 10.1007/s11104-009-0072-4

Mal, B., Mahapatra, P., Mohanty, S., Mishra, H.N. (2013). Growth and yield parameters of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) influenced by Diazotrophs and chemical fertilizers. Journal of Crop and Weed, 9(2),109-112.

Mondal, T., Datta, J.K., Mondal, N.K. (2015). Chemical fertilizer in conjunction with biofertilizer and vermicompost induced changes in morpho-physiological and bio-chemical traits of mustard crop. Doi: 10.1016/j.jssas.2015.05.001

Olsen, S. R. and Sommers, L. E. (1990). Phosphorus. Pp. 403-431. In: A.S.L. page et al (Eds). Methods of soil Analysis. Part 2.2 and ed., agron. Monogor. 9. ASA, Madison, WL.

Rai, R. (1988). High temperature – adapted A. brasilense strains: growth and interaction response on associative nitrogen fixation, mineral uptake and yield of cheena (Panicum miliaceum) genotype in calcareous soil. J. Agri. Sci. 110, 321-326. Doi: 10.1017/S0021859600081351

Shabani G.H., Ardakani M.R., Chaichi, M.R, Friedel J.K., Khavazi K.. 2015. Effect of Different Fertilizing Treatments on Nutrient Uptake in Annual Medic (Medicago scutellata cv. Robinson) under Irrigated and Dry Farming Systems. J. Agr. Sci. Tech., 17, (2) 299-310.

Shaoo, R.K., Bharwadj, D., Tuteja., N. (2013). Biofertilizers: a sustainable eco-friendly agricultural approach to crop improvement. In N. Tuteja, and G. Sing (Eds.), Plant Acclimation to Environmental Stress (pp.403–432). Springer Science+Business Media New York. 10013, USA: Springer Science plus Business Media, pp.403–432.

Walkley, A. and Black, C.A. (1934). An examination of the Degtiareff method for the determination of organic matter in soils and proposed modification of the of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37, 29-39. Doi: 10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003

Zaidi, A., Khan, M.S and Aamil, M. (2003). Interactive effect of rhizotrophic microorganisms on yield and nutrient uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 19,15-21. Doi: 10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00015-1

Zaidi, A., Khan, M.S and Aamil, M. (2004). Bioassociative effect of rhizospheric microorganisms on yield and nutrient uptake of greengram. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27, 599-610. Doi: 10.1081/PLN-120030370

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.1.01


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 GHOBAD shabani, M. R. Chaichi, Mohammad Reza Ardakani, J. K. FRIDEL, K. Khavazi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941