Management methods for marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys [Stål, 1855], Hemiptera, Pentatomidae)

Žiga LAZNIK, Stanislav TRDAN


The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855); [Hemiptera, Pentatomidae]) is an invasive, alien and polyphagous insect species native to East Asia. It was introduced to the United States in the mid-1990s and to Europe in 2004. Today it is present in most European countries. In new environments, it adapts quickly and reproduces successfully, developing at least one complete generation per year. With the growth of populations, it is becoming a disturbing factor in the urban areas and recently one of the most dangerous pests in agricultural production. It was first discovered in Slovenia in 2017 in Šempeter near Gorica. In less than two years, it spread to the entire territory od Slovenia and began to cause damage to agricultural production. In a review paper, we have collected research by foreign and domestic researchers related to the study of different ways of controlling the brown marmorated stink bug. The article presents chemical methods of control, the use of insecticide nets, the use of attractants and repellents, trap crops, as well as methods of biotic protection using predators and parasitoids.


Halyomorpha halys; chemical control; attractants; repellents; trap crops; insecticidal nets; biological control; Slovenia


Abram, P.K., Hoelmer, K.A., Acebes-Doria, A. et al. (2017). Indigenous arthropod natural enemies of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in North America and Europe. Journal of Pest Science, 90, 1009-1020.

Aldrich, J.R., Khrimian, A., Camp, M.J. (2007). Methyl 2,4,6-decatrienoates attract stink bugs and tachinid parasitoids. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33, 801–815.

Arakawa, R., Nakamura, Y. (2002). Effects of temperature on development of three Trissolcus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoids of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomological Science, 5, 215-218.

Bae, S.D., Kim, H.J., Lee, G.H. et al. (2008). Susceptibility of stink bugs collected in soybean fields in Milyang to some insecticides. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 47, 413–419.

Bergmann, E.J., Raupp, M.J. (2014). Efficacies of common ready to use insecticides against Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Florida Entomolist, 97, 791–800.

Borges, M., Moraes, M.C.B., Peixoto, M.F. et al. (2011). Monitoring the Neotropical brown stink bug Euschistus heros (F.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) with pheromone-baited traps in soybean fields. Journal of Applied Entomology, 135, 68–80.

Burjanadze, M., Gorgadze, O., De Luca, F. et al. (2020). Potential of native entomopathogenic nematodes for the control of brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys in Georgia. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 30, 962-974.

Candian, V., Pansa, M.G., Briano, R. et al. (2018). Exclusion nets: a promising tool to prevent Halyomorpha halys from damaging nectarines and apples in NW Italy. Bulletin of Insectology, 71, 21-30.

Cesari, M., Maistrello, L., Ganzerli, F. et al. (2015). A pest alien invasion in progress: potential pathways of origin of the brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys populations in Italy. Journal of Pest Science, 88, 1–7.

Cook, S. M., Smart, L. E., Martin, J. L. et al. (2006). Explotation of host plant preferences in pest management strategies for oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119, 221-229.

Costi, E., Haye, T., Maistrello, L. (2019). Surveying native egg parasitoids and predators of the invasive Halyomorpha halys in Northern Italy. Journal of Pest Science, 143, 299–307.

Da San Gallo, P.P. (1679). Esperienze intorno alla generazione delle zanzare fatte da Pietro Paolo da Sangallo fiorentino, e da lui scritte in una lettera all’illustrissimo sig. Firenze (Italy): Francesco Redi, Vincenzo Vangelisti Stampatore Arcivescovale, 1– 27.

Dieckhoff, C., Tatman, K.M., Hoelmer, K.A. (2017). Natural biological control of Halyomorpha halys by native egg parasitoids: a multi-year survey in northern Delaware. Journal of Pest Science, 90, 1143–1158.

Frank, D.L., Biggs, A.R. (2014). Control of oriental fruit moth and other insect pests in peach, 2013. Arthropod Management Tests, 39, B2. https://doi:10.4182/amt.2014.B2.

Gouli, V., Gouli S., Skinner, M. et al. (2012). Virulence of select entomopathogenic fungi to the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Pest Management Science, 68, 155-157.

Haye, T., Fischer, S., Zhang, J. et al. (2015). Can native egg parasitoids adopt the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), in Europe? Journal of Pest Science, 88, 693–705.

Herbert, D.A., Malone, S., Arrington, M. et al. (2013). Evaluation of selected foliar insecticides for control of stink bug in soybean, 2012. Arthropod Management Tests, 38, F64.

Hill, N., Lenglet, A., Arnz, A.M. et al. (2007). Plant based insect repellent and insecticide treated bed nets to protect against malaria in areas of early evening biting vectors: Double blind randomised placebo controlled clinical trial in the Bolivian Amazon. BMJ (Clinical researched), 335:

Hoebeke, E.R., Carter, E.M. (2003). Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): a polyphagous plant pest from Asia newly detected in North America. Proceedings of Entomological Society Washington, 105, 225-237.

Inkley, D.B. (2012). Characteristics of home invasion by the brown marmorated stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Entomological Science, 47, 125-130.

Isman, M.B. (2006). The role of botanical insecticides, deterrents and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology, 51, 45– 66.

Joseph, S.V., Bergh, J.C., Wright, S.E. et al. (2013). Factors affecting captures of brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in baited pyramid traps. Journal of Entomological Science, 48, 43–51.

Kamminga, K.L., Herbert, D.A., Kuhar, T.P. et al. (2009). Predicting black light trap catch and flight activity of Acrosternum hilare (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) adults. Environmental Entomology, 38, 1716–1723.

Khrimian, A., Shearer, P.W., Zhang, A. et al. (2008). Field trapping of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, with geometric isomers of methyl 2,4,6-decatrienoate. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 56, 197–203.

Khrimian, A., Zhang, A., Weber, al. (2014). Discovery of the aggregation pheromone of the brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) through the creation of stereoisomeric libraries of 1-bisabolen-3-ols. Journal of Natural Products, 77, 1708–1717.

Krawczyk, G., Hull, L.A., Enyeart, T.R. et al. (2011). Brown marmorated stink bug in Pennsylvania fruit orchards: results of BMSB adults direct contact laboratory bioassays and 2011 PA field experience update.

Presentation, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Working Group Meeting, June 20, 2011, Biglerville, PA.

Krupke, C.H., Brunner, J.F., Doerr, M.D. et al. (2001). Field attraction of the stink bug Euschistus conspersus (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to synthetic pheromone-baited host plants. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94, 1500–1505.

Kuhar, T.P., Doughty, H., Kamminga, K. et al. (2012). Evaluation of foliar insecticides for the control of brown marmorated stink bug in tomatoes in Virginia, 2011. Arthropod Management Tests, 37, E72.

Kuhar, T.P., Short, D.B., Krawczyk, G. et al. (2017). Deltamethrin‐incorporated nets as an integrated pest management tool for the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 110, 543-545-

Kuhar, T.P., Kamminga, K. (2017). Review of the chemical control research on Halyomorpha halys in the USA. Journal of Pest Science, 90, 1021-1031.

Lee, D.H., Short, B.D., Joseph, S.V. et al. (2013a). Review of the Biology, Ecology, and Management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea. Environmental Entomology, 42, 627–641.

Lee, D.H., Wright, S.E., Leskey, T.C. (2013b). Impact of insecticide residue exposure on the invasive pest, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): analysis of adult mobility. Journal of Economic Entomology, 106, 150–158.

Lee, D.H., Leskey, T.C. (2015). Flight behavior of foraging and overwintering brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomological Research, 10, 566–573.

Leskey, T.C., Hamilton, G.C., Nielsen, A.L. et al. (2012a). Pest status of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys in the USA. Outlook Pest Management, 23, 218–226.

Leskey, T.C., Hogmire, H.W. (2005). Monitoring stink bugs (Hemiptera : Pentatomidae) in mid-Atlantic apple and peach orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98,143–153.

Leskey, T.C., Khrimian, A., Weber, D.C. et al. (2015). Behavioral responses of the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Stål) to traps baited with stereoisomeric mixtures of 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 41, 418-429.

Leskey, T.C., Lee, D.-H., Short, B.D. et al. (2012b). Impact of insecticides on the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): analysis of insecticide lethality. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105, 1726–1735.

Leskey, T.C., Nielsen, A. (2018). Impact of the Invasive Brown Marmorated Stink Bug in North America and Europe: History, Biology, Ecology, and Management. Annual Review of Entomology, 63, 599-608.

Leskey, T.C., Short, B.D., Butler, B.R. et al. (2012c). Impact of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), in mid-Atlantic tree fruit orchards in the United States: case studies of commercial management. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, 2012, 1–14.

Leskey, T.C., Short, B.D., Lee, D.H. (2014). Efficacy of insecticide residues on adult Halyomorpha halys (Stal) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) mortality and injury in apple and peach orchards. Pest Management Science, 70, 1097–1104.

Li, Z.X, Liu, Y.S. (2004). Effect of temperature on development of egg parasitoid Trissolcus halyomorphae and the eggs of its host, Halyomorpha halys. Chinese Journal of Biological control, 20, 64-66.

Mathews, C.R., Blaauw, B., Dively, G. et al. (2017). Evaluating a polyculture trap crop for organic management of Halyomorpha halys and native stink bugs in peppers. Journal of Pest Science, 90, 1245-1255.

Mooneyham, K.L., Aigner, J.D., Kuhar, T.P. (2016). Control of brown marmorated stink bug with insecticide-treated window screens. Arthropod Management Tests, 41, tsw021.

Moore, S.J., Lenglet, A., Hill, N. (2007). Plant‐based insect repellents. In: Insect repellents: principles, methods and uses. Ur. Debboun, S.P. Frances, D. Strickman. CRC Press, New York, NY, 275– 303.

Morrison, W.R., Lee, D.H., Short, B.D. et al. (2016). Establishing the behavioral basis for an attract-and-kill strategy to manage the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in apple orchards. Journal of Pest Science, 89, 81–96.

Morrison, W.R., Milonas, P., Kapantaidaki, D.E. et al. (2017). Attraction of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) haplotypes in North America and Europe to baited traps. Scientific Reports, 7, 16941.

Nielsen, A.L., Hamilton, G. C., Matadha, D. (2008). Developmental rate estimation and life table analysis for Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Environmental Entomology, 37, 348–355.[348:DREALT]2.0.CO;2

Nielsen, A.L., Hamilton, G.C. (2009). Seasonal occurence and impact of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in tree fruit. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102, 1133-1140.

Nielsen, A.L., Hamilton, G.C., Shearer, P.W. (2011). Seasonal phenology and monitoring of the non-native Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Soybean. Environmental Entomology, 40, 231–238.

Nielsen, A.L., Holmstrom, K., Hamilton, G.C. et al. (2013). Use of black light traps to monitor the abundance, spread, and flight behavior of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 106, 1495–1502.

Nielsen, A.L., Rucker, A. (2013). Brown marmorated stink bug control at harvest on peach, 2012. Arthropod Management Tests, 38, B8.

Nielsen, A.L., Dively, G., Pote, J.M. et al. (2016). Identifying a potential trap crop for a novel insect pest, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in organic farms. Environmental Entomology, 2016, 1-7.

Panizzi, A.R., McPherson, J.E., James, D.G. et al. (2000). Stink bugs (Pentatomidae). V: Schaefer C.W., Panizzi, A.R. (ur.) Heteroptera of economic importance. Boca Raton, CRC, 421–474.

Rice, K.B., Bergh, C.J., Bergmann, E.J. et al. (2014). Biology, ecology and management of brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys). Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 5, A1–A13

Rice, K.B, Bedoukian, R.H., Hamilton, G.C. et al. (2018). Enhanced response of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to its aggregation pheromone with ethyl decatrienoate. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111, 495-499.

Rot, M., Devetak, M., Carlevaris, B. et al. (2018). First record of brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys [Stål, 1855]) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Slovenia. Acta Entomologica Slovenica, 26, 5-12.

Sabbatini Peverieri, G., Binazzi, F., Marianelli, L. et al. (2018). Lethal and sublethal effects of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets on the invasive bug Halyomorpha halys. Journal of Applied Entomology, 142, 141-148.

Sauphanor, B., Severac, G., Maugin, S. et al. (2012). Exclusion netting may alter reproduction of the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and prevent associated fruit damage to apple orchards. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 145, 134–142.

Soergel, D.C., Ostiguy, N., Fleischer S.J. et al. (2015): Sunflower as potential trap crop of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in pepper fields. Environmental Entomology, 44, 1581-1589.

Trdan, S., Valič, N., Žnidarčič, D. et al. (2005). The role of Chinese Cabbage as a trap crop for flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in production of white cabbage. Scientia Horticulturae, 106, 12-24.

Walgenbach, J.F., Schoof, S.C. (2015). Peach insecticide trial, 2013. Arthropod Management Tests, 39, B10.

Weber, D.C., Leskey, T.C., Cabrera Walsh, G. et al. (2014). Synergy of aggregation pheromone with methyl (E, E, Z)-2,4,6-decatrienoate in attraction of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 107, 1061–1068.

Yang, Z.Q., Yao, Y. X., Qiu, L.F. et al. (2009). A new species of Trissolcus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) parasitizing eggs of Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in China with comments on its biology. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 102, 39–47.

Zhang, Q.‐H., Schneidmiller, R.G., Hoover, D.R. (2013). Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps. Pest Management Science, 69, 542– 552. 10.1002/ps.3411

Zhang, Q.-H., Schneidmiller, R.G., Hoover, D.R. et al. (2014). Essential oils spatial repellents fort he brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 138, 490-499.

Zobel, E.S., Dively, G.P., Hooks, C.R.R. (2016). Seasonal abundance, host suitability, and feeding injury of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Penatomidae), in selected vegetables. Journal of Economic Entomology, 109, 1289–1302.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Žiga Laznik, Stanislav Trdan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941