Utility of some floral characters in the assessment of genetic diversity in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

Musibau Adewuyi Azeez, Modupe Bimpe Olowookere, David Adedayo Animasaun, Bashir Omolaran Bello

Abstract


Sesame collections were evaluated for quantitative floral characters and data obtained were subjected to various statistical analyses. Result showed narrow diversity in most of the quantitative floral characters with moderate variability in length of flower (2.03-3.27 cm), length of style (1.10-1.40 cm), length of capsule (2.33-2.98 cm) and number of seeds per capsule (38.67 – 57.67). Correlation study revealed significantly (p < 0.01) positive correlations for length of ovary versus length of flower (r= 0.70) and length of capsule versus length of style (r= 0.77). The first two principal components accounted for 61.59 % of which the first component had 34.13 % and the second was 27.46 %. Dendrogram divided the seventeen accessions/landraces into two major groups (A and B). Group A had only one cluster with five members whilegroup B had three clusters (Cluster II, III and IV) with seven, three and two members respectively. Each accession within a cluster could be employed as baseline parent in crossbreeding for improvement of yield in Nigerian sesame.


Keywords


Sesamum indicum; accessions; multivariate analysis; floral characters; principal components; clusters; genetic diversity; dendrogram

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adéoti K., Rival A., Dansi A., Santoni S., Brown S., Beule T., Nato A., Henry Y., Vodohue R., Loko L. Y., Sanni A. 2011. Genetic characterization of two traditional leafy vegetables (Sesamum radiatum Thonn, ex Hornem and Ceratotheca sesamoides Endl.) of Benin, using flow cytometry and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10: 14264-14275. Doi: 10.5897/AJB11.1176

Akbar F., Rabbani M. A., Masood M. S., Shinwari Z. K. 2011. Genetic diversity of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm from Pakistan using RAPD markers. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43: 2153-2160

Alege G. O. 2015. Protein profile study of some Nigerian sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) accessions. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 3: 322-329. Doi: 10.3126/ijasbt.v3i2.12734

Anon. 2002. Overview of the Nigerian Sesame Industry. Chemonic International Incorporation, Washington DC, 20036: 34p

Arriel N. H. C., Mauro A. O. D., Arriel E. F., Unêda-Trevisoli S. H., Costa M. M., Bárbaro I. M., Muniz F. R. S. 2007. Genetic divergence in sesame based on morphological and agronomic traits. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 7: 253-261. Doi: 10.12702/1984-7033.v07n03a04

Ashri A. 1989. Sesame. In: G. Roebblen, R. K. Downey & A. Ashri (Eds), Oil crops of the world, McGraw Hills Publishing Co., New York, 13p

Azeez M. A., Morakinyo J. A. 2011a. Genetic diversity of the seed physical dimensions in cultivated and wild relatives of sesame (Genera Sesamum and Ceratotheca). International Journal of Plant breeding and Genetics, 5: 369 – 378. Doi: 10.3923/ijpbg.2011.369.378

Azeez M. A., Morakinyo J. A. 2011b. Genetic diversity of fatty acids in sesame and its relatives in Nigeria. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 113: 238–244. Doi: 10.1002/ejlt.201000080

Azeez M. A., Morakinyo J. A. 2011c. Path analysis of the relationships between single plant seed yield and some morphological traits in sesame (Genera Sesamum and Ceratotheca). International Journal of Plant breeding and Genetics, 5: 358 – 368. Doi: 10.3923/ijpbg.2011.358.368

Azeez M. A., Aremu C. O., Olaniyan O. O. 2013. Assessment of genetic variation in accessions of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and its crosses by seed protein electrophoresis. Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies, 19: 383-391.

Banerjee P.P., Kole P.C., 2009. Analysis of genotypic diversity in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) based on some physiological characters. Czechoslovakia Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 45: 72–78.

Bedigian D. (2003). Evolution of sesame revisited: domestication, diversity and prospects. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50: 779 – 787. Doi: 10.1023/A:1025029903549

Bedigian D. 2006. Assessment of sesame and its wild relatives in Africa. In Ghazanfar, S. A. and H. J. Beentje, editors. eds. Taxonomy and Ecology of African Plants, Conservation and Sustainable Use Royal Botanic Gardens. Kew: 11p.

Bhat K. V., Babrekar P. P., Lakhanpaul S. 1999. Study of genetic diversity in Indian and exotic sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Euphytica, 110: 21 – 33. Doi: 10.1023/A:1003724732323

Biabani A. R., Pakniyat H. 2008. Evaluation of seed yield-related characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) using factor and path analysis. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 1157-1160. Doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1157.1160

Buzgo M., Soltis D. E., Soltis P. S., Ma H. 2004. Towards a comprehensive integration of morphological and genetic studies of floral development. Trends in Plant Science, 9: 164–173. Doi: 10.1016/j.tplants. 2004.02.003

Ercan A. G., Taşkin K. M., Turgut K., Bilgen M., Firat M. Z. 2002. Characterization of Turkish sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) landraces using agronomic and morphologic descriptors. Journal Faculty of Agriculture Akdeniz University, 15: 45-52,

Falusi O. A., Salako E. A. 2001. Assemblage of sesame germplasm for conservation and genetic improvement in Nigeria. PGR Newsletter, 127: 35 – 38.

Furini A., Wunder J. 2004. Analysis of eggplant (Solanum melongena)-related germplasm: morphological and AFLP data contribute to phylogenetic interpretations and germplasm utilization. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 108: 197-208. Doi: 10.1007/s00122-003-1437-1

Genet T., Labuschagne M. T., Hugo A. 2005. Genetic relationships among Ethiopian mustard genotypes based on oil content and fatty acid composition. African Journal of Biotechnology, 4: 1256–1268.

Hiremath S. C., Patil C. G. (1999). Genome homology and the putative progenitor of sesame. Journal of Cytology and Genetics, 34: 69 – 74

Isshiki S., Umezaki T. 1997. Genetic variation of isozymes in cultivated sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Euphitica, 93: 375-377. Doi: 10.1023/A:1002985625087

Kobayashi T. 1981. The type classification of cultivated sesame based on genetic characters. In: A. Ashri (ed.), Sesame: status and improvement. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 29, Rome: 4p.

Kumar A. K. M. S., Hiremath S. C. 2008. Cytological analysis of interspecific hybrid between Sesamum indicum L × S. Orientale L. Var. malabaricum. Karnataka Journal Agriculture Science, 21: 498-502.

Langham D. R. 2007. Phenology of Sesame. In: Janick, J. and Whipley, A. eds.: Issues in New Crops and New Uses., ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA: 39p

Laurentin H., Pereira C., Sanabria M. 2003. Phytochemical characterization of six sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes and their relationships with resistance against the sweetpotato Whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius. Agronomy Journal, 95. Doi: 10.2134/agronj2003.1577

Mohamed H. M. A., Awatif I. I. 1998. The use of sesame oil unsaponifiable matter as a natural antioxidant. Food Chemistry, 62: 269-276. Doi: 10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00193-3

Nanthakumar G., Singh K. N., Vaidyanathan P. 2000. Relationships between cultivated sesame (Sesamum sp.) and the wild relatives based on morphological characters, isozymes and RAPD markers. Journal of Genetics and Breeding, 54: 5 – 12

Nyongesa B. O., Were B. A., Gudu S., Dangasuk O. G., Onkware A. O. 2014. Genetic relationship between sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and related wild species based on chromosome count and isozyme markers. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 1052-1060. Doi: 10.5897/AJAR2013.8500

Pathak N., Rai A. K., Kumari R., Thapa A., Bhat K. V. 2014. Sesame crop: an underexploited oilseed holds tremendous potential for enhanced food value. Agricultural Sciences, 5: 519-529. Doi: 10.4236/as.2014.56054

Ruhi M. K., Majd A., Jonoubi P. 2015. Study of anatomical structure of vegetative organs, floral meristem and pollen development in sesame. International Journal of Plant Animal and Environmental Sciences, 5: 232-240

Sarwar G., Haq M. A., SaleemMughal M. 2005. Genetic parameters and correlation study in diverse types of sesame germplasm. Sesame and Safflower Newsletter, 20: 34 – 39

Suarez-Cervera M., Eoane-Camba J., Lobreau-Callen D. 1992. Pollen morphology and pollen-wall proteins (localization and enzymatic activity) in Sesamothamnuslugardii (Pedaliaceae). Plant Systematics Evolution, 183: 67-81. Doi: 10.1007/BF00937736

Tabatabaei I., Pazouki L., Bihamta M. R., Mansoori S., Javaran M. J., Niinemets Ü. 2011. Genetic variation among Iranian sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) accessions vis-à-vis exotic genotypes on the basis of morpho-physiological traits and RAPD markers. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5: 1396-1407

Uzo J. O., Adedzwa D. K., Onwukwe R. O. 1985. Yield, yield components and nutritional attributes of cultivated sesame S. indicum and its endemic wild relatives in Nigeria. In: A. Ashri (ed.), Sesame and safflower: status and potential. FAO Plant production and Protection Paper 66, Rome: 11p

Wei W., Qi X., Wang L., Zhang Y., Hua W., Li D., Lv H., Zhang X. 2011. Characterization of sesame (Sesamum indicum L) global transcriptome using illumine paired-end sequencing and development of EST-SSR markers. BMC Genome, 12: 451. Doi: 10.1007/BF00937736

Zhigila D. A., Sawa F. B. J., Abdul S. D. 2015. Morphometric study of accessions of Sesamum indicum L. collected from Nigeria. African Journal of Plant Sciences, 9: 56-64. Doi: 10.5897/AJPS2014.1180




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.1.06

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Musibau Adewuyi Azeez, Modupe Bimpe Olowookere, David Adedayo Animasaun, Bashir Omolaran Bello

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.

                            


ISSN 1581-9175     eISSN 1854-1941