Effect of storage period and egg weight on hatchability in Prelux-G chickens



The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of storage period and egg weight on hatchability of Slovenian provenance Prelux-G eggs. The layer breeders were reared in partially slatted floor pens. At the beginning of the experiment they were 31 weeks old and at the end 35 weeks. Hatching eggs were collected daily and kept in one farm storage compartment at the temperature 15 °C. Eggs were classed by storage period (0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 days) and egg weight size categories (XL-extra large, L-large, M-medium and S-small). The highest hatchability (88.97 %) was obtained at six days storage time. In comparison with this result, the hatchability of fresh eggs (74.63 %), 12 days storage time (74.99 %) and 14 days storage time (62.87 %) was significantly (P < 0.01) lower. Hatchability was insignificantly (P > 0.05) lower in small sized eggs (78.97 %) and significantly (P < 0.01) lower in large sized eggs (76.72 %) than in medium sized eggs (82.44 %). The highest percentage of dead embryos was recorded at 14 days storage time (26.90 %) and in large sized eggs (19.72 %). The average body weight of the chicks produced from the eggs of older hens was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than those from younger hens.


chickens; provenance; Prelux-G; hatching eggs; hatchability; storage; Slovenia


Abiola S.S., Meshioye O.O., Oyerinde B.O., Bamgbose M.A. 2008. Effect of egg size on hatchability of broiler chicks. Arch. Zootech., 57: 83–86

Alabi O.J., Ng‘amibi J.W., Norris D., Mabelebele M. 2012. Effect of egg weight on hatchability and subsequent performance of Potchefstroom Koekoek chicks. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 7, 8: 718–725, doi:10.3923/ajava.2012.718.725

Asuquo B.O., Okon B. 1993. Effects of age and egg size on fertility and hatchability of chicken eggs. E. Afr. Agr. For. J., 59: 79–83

Cavero D., Schmutz M., Icken W., Preisinger R. 2011. Improving hatchability in white egg layer strains through breeding. Lohmann information, 46, 1: 44–54

Dikmen B.Y., Sahan U. 2007. Correlations between breeder age, egg cholesterol content, blood cholesterol level and hatchability of broiler breeders. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 98–103, doi:10.1080/00071660601161412

Elibol O., Peak S.D., Brake J. 2002. Effect of flock age, length of egg storage, and frequency of turning during storage on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs. Poult. Sci., 81: 945–950, doi:10.1093/ps/81.7.945

Fasenko G.M. 2007. Egg storage and the embryo. Poult. Sci., 86: 1020–1024, doi:10.1093/ps/86.5.1020

Gonzalez A., Satterlee D.G., Moharer F., Cadd G.G. 1999. Factors affecting ostrich (Struthio camelus) eggs hatchability. Poult. Sci., 78: 1257–1262, doi:10.1093/ps/78.9.1257

King’ori A.M. 2011. Review of the factors that influence egg fertility and hatchabilty in poultry. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10, 6: 483–492, doi:10.3923/ijps.2011.483.492

Joseph N.S., Moran E.T. Jr. 2005. Effect of flock age and postemergent holding in the hatcher on broiler live performance and further-processing yield. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 14: 512–520, doi:10.1093/japr/14.3.512

Lapao C., Gama L.T., Soares M.C. 1999. Effects of broiler breeder age and length of egg storage on albumen characteristics and hatchability. Poult. Sci., 78: 640–645, doi:10.1093/ps/78.5.640

Mandlekar D.H. 1981. A note on fertility and hatchability and egg weight in broiler chicken. Ind. Poult. Rev., XI: 33–34

Meijerhof R. 1992. Pre-incubation holding of hatching eggs. World’s Poult. Sci. J., 48: 57–68, doi:10.1079/WPS19920006

Meijerhof R., Noordhuizen J.P.T.M., Leenstra F.R. 1994. Influence of pre-incubation treatment on hatching results of broiler breeder eggs produced at 37 and 59 weeks of age. Br. Poult. Sci., 35: 249–257, doi:10.1080/00071669408417689

Narushin U.G., Romanov M.N. 2002. Egg physical characteristics and hatchability. World‘s Poult. Sci. J., 58: 297–303, doi:10.1079/WPS20020023

Ng‘ambi J.W., Thamaga M.W., Norris D., Mabelebele M., Alabi O.J. 2013. Effect of egg weight on hatchability, chick hatch-weight and subsequent productivity of indigenous Venda chickens in Polokwane, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 43: 69–74, doi:10.4314/sajas.v43i5.13

Onbasilar E.E., Poyraz Ö., Erdem E. 2007. Effect of egg storage period on hatching egg quality, hatchabiliy, chick quality and relative growth in Pekin ducks. Arch. Geflügelk, 71, 4: 187–191

Petek M., Baspinar H., Ogan M., Balci F. 2005. Effects of egg weight and length of storage period on hatchability and subsequent laying performance of quail. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 29: 537–542

Rashid A., Khan S.H., Abbas G., Amer M.Y., Khan M.J., Iftikhar N. 2013. Effect of egg weight on hatchability and hatchling weight in Fayoumi, Desi and crossbred (Rhode Island Red × Fayoumi) chickens. Veterinary world, 6, 9: 592–595

Reijrink I.A.M., Meijerhof R., Kemp B., Van den Brand H. 2008. The chicken embryo and its micro environment during egg storage and early incubation. World’s Poult. Sci. J., 64: 581–598, doi:10.1017/S0043933908000214

Reijrink I. 2010. Storage of hatching eggs – Effects of storage and early incubation conditions on egg characteristics, embryonic development, hatchability, and chick quality. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, NL: 163 str.

SAS., 2008. Statistical Analysis Systems User’s Guide: Statistics, 9th edition. SAS Institute, Inc. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

Schmidt G.S., Figueiredo E.A.P., Saatkamp M.G., Boom E.R. 2009. Effect of storage period and egg weight on embryo development and incubation results. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 11: 1–5

Scott T.A., Mackenzie C.J. 1993. Incidence and classification of early embryonic mortality in broiler breeder chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 34: 459–470, doi:10.1080/00071669308417601

Tona K., Bamelis F, De Ketelaere B., Bruggeman V., Moreas V.M.B., Buyse J., Onagbesan O., Decuypere E. 2003. Effects of egg storage time on spread of hatch, chick quality, and chick juvenile growth. Poult. Sci., 82: 736–741, doi:10.1093/ps/82.5.736

Tona K., Onagbesan O., De Ketelaere B., Decuypere E., Bruggeman V. 2004. Effects of age of broiler breeders and egg storage on egg quality, hatchability, chick quality, chick weight, and posthatch growth to forty-two days. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 13: 10–18, doi:10.1093/japr/13.1.10

Wondmeneh E., Dawud I., Adey. 2011. Comparative evaluation of fertility and hatchability of Horro, Fayoumi, Lohmann Silver and Potchefstroom Koekoek breeds of chicken. Asian J. Poult. Sci., 5: 124–129, doi:10.3923/ajpsaj.2011.124.129

Zakaria A.H., Plumstead P.W., Romero-Sanchez H., Leksrisompong N., Osborne J., Brake J. 2005. Oviposision pattern, egg weight, fertility and hatchability of young and old broiler breeds. Poult. Sci., 84: 1505–1509, doi:10.1093/ps/84.9.1505

Yassin H., Velthuis A.G.J., Boerjan M., van Riel J., Huirne R.B.M. 2008. Field study on broiler eggs hatchability. Poult. Sci., 87: 2408–2417, doi:10.3382/ps.2007-00515

Yoo B.H., Wientjes E. 1991. Rate of decline in hatchability with preincubation storage of chicken eggs depends on genetic strain. Br. Poult. Sci., 32: 733–740, doi:10.1080/00071669108417399

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14720/aas.2014.104.2.1


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Acta agriculturae Slovenica


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941