Presence of nanotechnology in agriculture: bibliometric approach

Karmen Stopar


Increasing number of scientific publications points to quick developments in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanotechnology offers potentials of unimaginable proportions. Innovative possibilities present themselves in many areas of human activity, including agriculture, for example in precision farming, reduction of pollution and increasing crop yields. We bibliometrically assessed interactions between nanotechnology and agriculture. With co-word analysis in particular, we examined aspects of agro-nano applications related to plant protection. In order to analyze and map the structure of knowledge, we employed selected terms from a general citation database Web of Science (WOS) as well as specialized bibliographic database CAB Abstracts which covers life sciences with a special emphasis on agriculture. Our thematic maps (visualization) present some principal themes and relations among them. Pesticides, biosensors and detection are the main keywords in the network of words from article titles and network of the KeyWords+. Analysis of controlled terms (descriptors, classification codes) from CAB Abstracts in connection with pesticides shows two important directions of research: pollution and environmental topics, and topics related to human health, experimental animals and related.



bibliometrics, scientometrics, co-word analysis, nanotechnology, agriculture, pesticides, databases

Full Text:



Bartol, T., Hocevar M. (2011). Topics related to social sciences by authors from Slovenia in agriculture-and-life-sciences database CAB Abstracts. Acta agriculturae Slovenica, 97(3), 197-205. Doi: 10.2478/v10014-011-0014-8

CAB Abstracts. (2014). Retrieved from

Cambrosio, A., Limoges, C., Cortial, J. P., Laville, F. (1993). Historical scientometrics? Mapping over 70 years of biological safety researc with co-word analysis. Scientometrics, 27(2), 119-143. Doi: 10.1007/BF02016546

Commission recommendation (696/EU/2011) of 18 october 2011 on the definition of nanomaterial (text with EEA relevance). Official Journal of the European Union, L275/38

Cozzens, S., Cortes, R., Soumonni, O., Woodson, T. (2013). Nanotechnology and the millennium developments goals: water, energy, and agri-food. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15, 1-15. Doi: 10.1007/s11051-013-2001-y

Ghormade, V., Deshpande, M.V., Paknikar, K. M. (2011). Perspectives for nano-biotechnology enabled protection and nutrition of plants. Biotechnology Advances, 29, 792-803. Doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.06.007

Gogos, A., Knauer, K., Bucheli, T. D. (2012). Nanomaterials in plant protection and fertilization: current state, foreseen applications, and research priorities. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60, 9781-9792. Doi: 10.1021/jf302154y

Huang, C., Notten, A., Rasters, N. (2011). Nanoscience and technology publications and patents: a review of social science. studies and search strategies. Journal of Technological Transfer, 36, 145-172. Doi: 10.1007/s10961-009-9149-8

Huang, S., Wang, L., Liu, L., Hou, Y., Li. L. (2015). Nanotechnology in agriculture, livestock, and aquaculture in China. A review. Agronomy Sustainable Development, 35, 369-400. Doi: 10.1007/s13593-014-0274-x

Khot, L.R., Sankaran, S., Maja, J.M., Ehsani, R., Schuster, E.W. 2012. Applications of nanomaterials in agricultural production and crop protection: a review. Crop Protection, 35, 64-70. Doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2012.01.007

Maghrebi, M., Abbasi, A., Amiri, S., Monsefi, R., Harati, A. (2011). A collective and abridged lexical query for delineation of nanotechnology publications. Scientometrics, 86, 15–25. Doi: 10.1007/s11192-010-0304-7

Manjunatha, S.B., Biradar, D. P, Aladakatti, Y. R. (2016). Nanotechnology and its applications in agriculture: A review. Journal of Farm Science, 29(1), 1-13.

Misra, A.N., Misra, M., Singh, R. (2013). Nanotechnology in agriculture and food industry. International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Technology, 16(2), 1-9.

Mrvar, A., Batagelj, A. (2016). Analysis and visualization of large networks with program package Pajek. Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling, 4(6-9: 1-8. Doi: 10.1186/s40294-016-0017-8

Nanoscale science and engineering for agriculture and food systems. (2003).

Retrieved from

National nanotechnology Initiative. Official website of the United States National. Nanotechnology Initiative. (2011). Retrieved from

Persson, O. (2010). Bibexcel – a toolbox for bibliometricians. (2011). Retrieved from

Rai, M., Ingle, A. (2012). Role of nanotechnology in agriculture with special reference to management of insect pests. Applications in Microbial Biotechnology, 94, 287-293. Doi: 10.1007/s00253-012-3969-4

Ravikumar, S., Agrahari, A., Singh, S. N. (2015). Mapping the intellectual structure of scientometrics: a co-word analysis of the journal Scientometrics (2005–2010). Scientometrics, 102, 929–955. Doi: 10.1007/s11192-014-1402-8

Roco, M.C., Bainbridge, W.S. (2002). Converging technologies for improving human performance: Integrating from the nanoscale. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 4, 281-295. Doi: 10.1023/A:1021152023349

Ruffini Castiglione, M., Cremonini, R. (2009). Nanoparticles in higher plants. Caryologia, 62(2), 161-165. Doi: 10.1080/00087114.2004.10589681

Schmoldt, D. L., Rauscher, H. M. (1994). A knowledge management imperative and six supporting technologies. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 10(1), 11-30. Doi: 10.1016/0168-1699(94)90033-7

Scrinis, G., Lyons, K. (2007). The emerging nano-corporate paradigm: nanotechnology and the transformation of nature, food and agri-food systems. International Journal of Food and Agriculture, 15(2), 22-44.

Stopar, K., Drobne, D., Eler, K., Bartol, T. (2016). Citation analysis and mapping of nanoscience and nanotechnology: identifying the scope and interdisciplinarity of research Scientometrics, 106(2), 563–581. Doi: 10.1007/s11192-015-1797-x

Tiju, J., Morrison, M. (2006). Nanotechnology in agriculture and food: nanoforum report. Institute of Nanotechnology. Retrieved from

The potential risks arising from nanoscience and nanotechnologies on food and feed safety. (2009). EFSA Journal, 958, 1-39.

Wood, S., Jones, R., Geldart, A. (2003). The social and economic challenges of nanotechnology. Swindon. Retrieved from

Web of Science. (2014). Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Karmen Stopar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941