Maximizing land productivity by diversified cropping systems with different nitrogen fertilizer types

Abd El-Hafeez Ahmed ZOHRY, Khadra A. ABBADY, Enshrah I.M. EL-MAAZ, Hoda M.R.M. AHMED

Abstract


Six field experiments were conducted in Giza Agricultural Research Station, Egypt during 2010, 2011 and 2012 growing seasons to study the effect of two types of N fertilizers (urea and urea form as slow-release (UF)) on intercropping cowpea with sunflower and intercropping wheat with pea. A split plot design with three replications was used. The results indicated that insignificant effect of cropping systems was found for sunflower and significant effect was found for cowpea yield. Significant effect of N fertilizers was found on sunflower and insignificant effect was found for cowpea yield. Furthermore, insignificant effect of interaction of cropping systems and N fertilizers was found for sunflower and significant effect was found for cowpea yield. With respect to wheat and pea intercropping, both crops were significantly affected by intercropping system. Significant effect of N fertilizers was found on wheat and insignificant effect was found for pea yield. Both wheat and pea were significantly affected by the interaction of cropping system and N fertilizers. Yield advantage was achieved because land equivalent ratio exceeded 1.00. Dominance analysis proved that leguminous crop is dominated component. Thus, the studied intercropping systems could be recommended to farmers due to its beneficial returns.

Keywords


sunflower intercropped with cowpea; wheat intercropped with pea; urea; slow-release urea form; competitive relationships

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbady, K.A., El-Maaz E.I.M., Ahmed H.M.R.M. and Zohry A.A. (2016). Carbon sequestration as a function of intercropping management practices and different nitrogenous fertilizer types. Journal of Soil Science and Agriculture Engeering, 7(8),565-586.

Abdel-Wahab T.I., El Manzlawy Amal M. (2016).Yield and quality of intercropped wheat with faba bean under different wheat plant densities and slow – release nitrogen fertilizer rates in sandy soil. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 11(6), 1–22. doi:10.9734/AJEA/2016/23895

Ahmed Kh.A. (1993). Evaluation of efficiency of some N-slow release fertilizers under different rates of phosphatic fertilizers. Ph. D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture., Moshtohour, Benha Branch, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Ali Z., Khan H., Shah S.A., Ahmad I. (2010). Evaluation of leguminous forage crops for nodulation, nitrogen fixation and quality yield. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environment Scince, 9(3);269–272.

Amakiri M.A. (2000). Microbes moving the world forward in the new millennium. Inaugural Lecture delivered on 29 Nov. 2000 at the Rivers State University Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwu, Port Harcourt, pp. 50–51.

Amujoyegbe B.J., Torimiro D.O., Tselaesele N., Balol T.V. (2013). On-farm evaluation of the productivity of intercropping sunflower with arable crops among smallholder farms in Nigeria and Botswana. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 8(16), 1553-1558. doi:10.5897/AJAR12.2000

Andersen M.K. (2005). Competition and complementarily in annual intercrops—the role of plant available nutrients. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Soil Science, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark. Sam funds litteraur Grafik, Frederiksberg, Copenhagen.

Braunwart K., Putnam D., Fohner G. (2001). Alternative annual forages – now and in the future. Proceeding ofthe 31st California Alfalfa and Forage Symposium, Modesto, CA, UC Cooperative Extention. University of California, Davis. 95616.

Chapman H.D., Pratt P.E. (1961). Methods of Analysis for Soil, Plant and Water. Division of Agricultural Science, California University, U.S.A.

Dunn F., Williams J., Verberg K., Keating B.A. (1999). Can agricultural catchment emulate natural ecosystems in recharge control in southeastern Australia?. Agroforestry Systems, 45. 343-364. doi:10.1023/A:1006271805222

El-Kramany M.F. (2001). Effect of organic mature and slow-release N-fertilizers on the productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in sandy soil. Acta Agronomy Hungarica, 49, 379–385. doi:10.1556/AAgr.49.2001.4.9

Eskandari H., Ghanbari A., Javanmard A. (2009). Intercropping of cereals and legumes for forage production. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 1: 07-13.

Francis C.A. (1986). Future perspectives of multiple cropping. pp. 351-370. In: C. A. Francis (eds.). Multiple Cropping Systems. Macmillan, New York.

Freed R.D. (1991). MSTATC Microcomputer Statistical Program. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

Gomez K.A., Gomez A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edition. John Willey and Sons, Toronto, ON, Canada.

HamdAlla W.A., Shalaby E.M., Dawood R.A., Zohry A.A. (2014). Effect of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) with maize (Zea mays L.) intercropping on yield and its components. International Journal of Biosystem Engineering, 8(11),1200– 1206.

Liu X.B., Jin J., Wang G.H., Herbert S.J. (2008). Soybean yield physiology and development of high-yielding practices in Northeast China. Field Crops Research, 105,15. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2007.09.003

Jiao X, Liang W, Chen L, Zhang H, Li Q, Wang P, Wen D. (2005). Effects of slow-release urea fertilizers on urease activity, microbial biomass, and nematode communities in an aquic brown soil. Science in China Series C Life Sciences, 48 (Suppl 1):26-32. doi:10.1007/BF02889798

Kamel A.S., El-Masry M.E., Khalil H.E. (2010). Productive sustainable rice based rotations in saline-sodic soils in Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Agronomy, 32(1):73-88.

Kumar S., Srivastave S., Panwar B. (1990). Intercropping of vegetables in spring planted sugarcane. Cooperative Sugar, 21(12),863-865.

Mead R., Willey R.W. (1980). The concept of a "land equivalent ratio" and advantages in yields from intercropping. Experimental Agriculture, 16: 217– 28. doi:10.1017/S0014479700010978

Nass H.G., Reiser B. (1975). Grain filling and grain yield relationships in spring wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 55, 673–678. doi:10.4141/cjps75-107

Naudin C., Corre-Hellou G., Pineau S., Crozat Y., Jeuffroy M.H. (2010).The effect of various dynamics of N availability on winter pea-wheat intercrops: crop growth, N partitioning and symbiotic N2 fixation. Field Crops Research, 119(1),2–11. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2010.06.002

Njoku D.N., Muoneke C.O. (2008). Effect of cowpea planting density on growth, yield and productivity of component crops in cowpea/cassava intercropping system. Journal of Tropical Agriculture Food, Environment and Extension, 7(2), 106–113. doi:10.4314/as.v7i2.1591

Overdahl C.J., Rehm G.W., Meredith H.L. (2016). Fertilizer urea in: Nutrient Management. Minnesota Extension Univ. http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/nutrient-management /nitrogen/fertilizer-urea/.

Rodrigues C.D. (2011). System intercropped of sunflower string bean and peanuts in series replacement. M.Sc. Thesis, Universida de Federal do CearÃ.

Ruark M. (2012). Advantages and disadvantages of controlled-release fertilizers. Departement of Soil Science, WI FFVC, Wisconsin-Madison University.

Sheha A.M., Abdel-Wahab T.I., Abdel-Wahab Sh.I. (2015). Maximizing nitrogen and land use efficiencies of intercropped wheat with pea under different pea sowing dates. Journalof Plant Science, 3(6). 358 – 371.

Sinwat V., Streer B.T. (1992). Growth of flowers of sunflower in relation to their position in the capitulum shading and nitrogen supply. Field Crops Research, 34, 83–100. doi:10.1016/0378-4290(93)90113-2

Willey R.W. (1979). Intercropping its importance and research needs. Part I. Competition and yield advantage. Field Crops Abstract, 32, 1–10.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.3.01

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Abd El-Hafeez Ahmed Zohry, Khadra A. ABBADY, Enshrah I.M. EL-MAAZ, Hoda M.R.M. AHMED

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.

                            


ISSN 1581-9175     eISSN 1854-1941