Simulation of rice yield under different irrigation and nitrogen application managements by CropSyst model

Narjes ZARE, Mohammadreza KHALEDIAN, Nader PIRMORADIAN, Mojtaba REZAEI

Abstract


The aim of this study was the calibration and validation of CropSyst model for rice in the city of Rasht. The necessary data were extracted from a field experiment which was carried out during 2005-2007 in a split-plot design. The main plots were irrigation regimes including continuous flooding irrigation and 5-day irrigation intervals. The subplots consisted of four nitrogen levels: zero N application, 45, 60 and 75 kg N ha-1. Normalized Root Mean Squared Error (nRMSE) and Residual Mass Coefficient (Crm) in calibration years were 9.3 % and 0.06, respectively. In validation year, nRMSE and Crm were 9.7 % and 0.11, respectively. According to other indices to assess irrigation regimes and fertilizer levels, the most suitable treatments regarding environmental aspect were 5-day irrigation regime and 45 kg N ha-1.



Keywords


oryza; rice; irrigation; flood irrigation; fertilizer application; nitrogen; plant models

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraha M.G., Savage M.J. 2008. The soil water balance of rainfed and irrigated oats, Italian rye grass and rye using the CropSyst model. Irrigation Science, 26, 3: 203-212. DOI: 10.1007/s00271-007-0086-8

Bannayan M., Hoogenboom G. 2009. Using pattern recognition for estimating cultivar coefficients of a crop simulation model. Field Crops Research, 111, 3: 290-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2009.01.007

Bellocchi G., Silvestri N., Mazzoncini M., Menini S. 2002. Using the CropSyst model in continuous rainfed maize (Zea mais L.) under alternative management options. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 6, 1: 43-56

Confalonieri R., Bellocchi G., Bregaglio S., Donatelli M., Acutis M. 2010. Comparison of sensitivity analysis techniques: a case study with the rice model WARM. Ecological Modelling, 221, 16: 1897-1906. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.04.021

Confalonieri R., Bocchi S. 2005. Evaluation of CropSyst for simulating the yield of flooded rice in northern Italy. European journal of agronomy, 23, 4: 315-326. DOI: 10.1016/j.eja.2004.12.002

Djumaniyazova Y., Sommer R., Ibragimov N., Ruzimov J. 2010. Simulating water use and N response of winter wheat in the irrigated floodplains of Northwest Uzbekistan. Field Crops Research, 116: 239-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2010.01.001

Jamieson P., Porter J., Wilson D. 1991. A test of the computer simulation model ARC-WHEAT1 on wheat crops grown in New Zealand. Field Crops Research, 27: 337-350. DOI: 10.1016/0378- 4290(91)90040-3

Kato Y., Kamoshita A., Yamagishi J., Abe J. 2006. Growth of Three Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars under Upland Conditions with Different Levels of Water Supply. Plant Production Science, 9, 4: 422- 434. DOI: 10.1626/pps.9.422

Montemurro F., Maiorana M., Ferri D., Convertini G. 2006. Nitrogen indicators, uptake and utilization efficiency in a maize and barley rotation cropped at different levels and sources of N fertilization. Field Crops Research, 99, 2: 114-124. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2006.04.001

Nemoto H., Suga R., Ishihara M., Okutsu Y. 1998. Deep rooted rice varieties detected through the observation of root characteristics using the trench method. Breeding Science, 48, 3: 321-324

Ng N., Loomis R.S. 1984. Simulation of growth and yield of the potato crop. Simulation Monographs. Pudoc (Center for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation). Wageningen, 147 pp.

Pirmoradian N., Sepaskhah A.R., Maftoun M. 2004. Effects of water-saving irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Pr oduction Science, 7, 3: 337-346. DOI: 10.1626/pps.7.337

Raza A., Friedel J.K., Moghaddam A., Ardakani M.R., Loiskandl W., Himmelbauer M., Bodner G. 2013. Modeling growth of different lucerne cultivars and their effect on soil water dynamics. Agricultural Water Management, 119: 100-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2012.12.006

Razavipour T., Yazdani M ., Kavosi M. 2000. The effects of water stress in different growing stage on rice yield. Presented in the 6th national conference on soil science. 26-28 Jun. 2007. Tehran. Pp 613- 614.

Rezaei M. 2007. Environment protection using irrigation and herbicide management in paddy field. Presented in the 10th national conference on irrigation and drainage. 26-28 Jun. 2007. Tehran

Rezaei M., Davatgar N., Khaledian M., Pirmoradian N. 2013. Effect of intermittent irrigation with saline water on rice yield in Rasht, Iran. Acta agriculturae Slovenica, 101, 1: 49-57. DOI: 10.2478/acas-2013-0006

Saadati Z. 2012. Assessment of AquaCrop, CropSyst and WOFOST models in yield simulating of two rice varieties, Binam and Hasani, under different irrigation regimes. Dissertation, University of Iran

Shahnazari A., Liu F., Andersen M.N., Jacobsen S.E., Jensen C.R. 2007. Effects of partial root-zone drying on yield, tuber size and water use efficiency in potato under field conditions. Field Crops Research, 100, 1: 117-124. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2006.05.010

Stöckle C.O., Donatelli M., Nelson R. 2003. CropSyst, a cropping systems simulation model. European Journal of Agronomy, 18, 3: 289-307. DOI: 10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00109-0

Stockle C.O., Martin S.A., Campbell G.S. 1994. CropSyst, a cropping systems simulation model: water/nitrogen budgets and crop yield. Agricultural Systems, 46, 3: 335-359. DOI: 10.1016/0308- 521X(94)90006-2

Tanner C., Sinclair T. 1983. Efficient water use in crop production: research or re-search? In: Limitations to efficient water use in crop production. Madison: American Society of Agronomy: 1-27.

Ventrella D., Rinaldi M. 1999. Comparison between two simulation models to evaluate cropping systems in Southern Italy. Yield response and soil water dynamics. Agricoltura Mediterranea, 129, 2/3: 99-110

Zubaer M., Chowdhury A., Islam M., Ahmed T., Hasan M. 2007. Effects of water stress on growth and yield attributes of Aman rice genotypes. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production, 2, 6: 25-30




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14720/aas.2014.103.2.3

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Acta agriculturae Slovenica

 

Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.

                            


ISSN 1581-9175     eISSN 1854-1941