Comparative study of amaranth species (Amaranthus spp.) in the temperate continental climate of Russian Federation



Field experiments were carried out in the Chuvash Republic, which is located in the center of the European part of Russia on the banks of the Volga River and has a moderately continental climate with warm summers, cold winters, well-defined transitional seasons and average annual rainfall of 500 mm. There are many cultural and wild species of amaranth in nature, differing in morphological and biological features. The objects of research were four common species of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.): A. cruentus L., A. caudatus L., A. hybridus L., A. spinosus L.. Particular attention in the experiment was paid to the morphological and biological characteristics of plants according to the growth stages during growing season and the formation of the yield of green mass and grain during 3 years of research. As a result of the experiment, the possibility of cultivating a heat-loving amaranth culture in the climatic conditions of the Chuvash Republic was proved and adaptive species for growing green mass (A.cruentus and A.caudatus) and for grain (A.cruentus) were identified.


A. cruentus; A. caudatus; A. hybridus; A. spinosus ; climatic conditions; growing season; growth stages

Full Text:



Abbas, A. El-Ghamery, Ahmed, M. Sadek, Ola, H. Abd El Bar. (2017). Comparative anatomical studies on some species of the genus Amaranthus (Family: Amaranthaceae) for the development of an identification guide. Annals of agricultural sciences 62(1), 1-9.

Amicarelli, V. & Camaggio, G. (2012). Amaranthus: a crop to rediscover. Ware international 2, 4-11.

Andini, R., Yoshida, S., Ohsawa, R. (2013). Variation in protein content and amino acids in the leaves of grain, vegetable and weedy types of amaranths. Agronomy, 3, 391-403.

Archipova, N. S., Breus, I. P. (2004). Productivity and nutritional value of amaranth under the influence of chloride and sulfate soil salinization. Agricultural biology, 39, 92-100. [in Russian].

Betschart, A. A., Irving, V., Shepherd A. D., Saunders, R. M. (2001). Amaranthus cruentus: milling characteristics, distribution of nutrients within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. Journal of Food Society 46, 1181-1187.

Bruinsma, J. (2009). The resource outlook to 2050: By how much do land, water and crop yields need to increase by 2050? In proceedings of the technical meeting of experts on how to feed the world in 2050, in 24-26 June in Rome (1-33). Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Carlquist, S. (2003). Wood and stem anatomy of woody Amarantaceae: ecology, systematic and problems of defining rays in dicotyledous. Botanical journal of the Linnean society, 143, 1-9.

Caselato-Sousa, V. M. & Amaya-Farfán, J. (2102). State of knowledge on amaranth grain: a comprehensive review. Journal of Food Science, 4, 93-104.

Godfray, H., Crute, I., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J., Pretty, J., Robinson, S., Thomas, S., Toulmin, C. (2010). Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327, 812-818.

Costea, M. Sanders, A., Waines, G. (2001). Preliminary results towards a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus complex (Amarantaceae). Sida, 19, 931-974.

Dmitrieva O. F. (1993). Agrotechnics of cultivation of the purple amaranth in the conditions of the Chuvashia: The dissertation on competition of the degree of the candidate of agricultural Sciences. - Moscow: Agrarian University [in Russian].

Dmitrieva O. F. (2018a). Features of growth and development of amaranth in soil-climatic conditions of the Chuvash republic. In P. Results of the international scientific-practical conference, in Tumen (pp. 4-6). Ufa: Agency for International Studies [in Russian].

Dmitrieva O. F. (2014). Features of growth and development of Amaranthus cruentus L. at various times and methods of sowing in soil and climatic conditions of the Chuvash Republic. Bulletin of I. Yakovlev Chuvash State Pedagogical University, 84, 63-67. [in Russian].

Dmitrieva O. F. (2018c). Growth and development of Amaranthus cruentus L. in soil and climatic conditions of the Chuvash Republic. Successes of modern natural science, 11, 30-36, [in Russian].

Dmitrieva O. F. (2018b). Study of water consumption of Amaranthus cruentus L. in the conditions of the Chuvash Republic. International scientific Research Journal 76, 17-20 [in Russian].

Ebert, A. W. (2010). Potential of underutilized traditional vegetables and legume crops to contribute to food and nutritional security, income and more sustainable production systems. Sustainability, 6, 319-335.

Fadeeva N. A. & Dmitrieva O. F. (2017). Influence of the sowing time on the development of seedlings of small-seeded flower crops. In P.: Rational nature management and socio-economic development of rural areas as the basis for the effective functioning of the agro-industrial complex of the region. (pp. 45-48). Cheboksary: CHSAA [in Russian].

Juan, C. K. (2007). Electrophoretic characteristics of Amaranthus L, seed proteins and its systematic implication. Botanical journal of the Linnean society, 2, 57-63.

Kaufman C. S. (1992). Realizing the potential of grain Amaranth. Food Reviews International, 8, 5-21.

Magomedov, I. M. (2008). Physiological bases of amaranth competitiveness. Successes of modern natural science, 5, 57-59 [in Russian].

Mlakar, S. G., Turinek, M., Jakop, M., Bavec, M. Bavec, F. (2010). Grain Amaranth as an alternative and perspective crop in temperate climate. Journal for Geography, 5(1), 135-145.

Mlakar, S. G, Turine, M., Jakop, M., Bavec, M. Bavec, F. (2009). Nutrition value and use of grain amaranth: potential future application in bread making. Agricultura, 6, 43-53.

Norman, J. C. & Shongwe, V. D. (1993). Influence of some cultural practices on the yield and quality of amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus L.). Advances in horticultural science, 7, 169-172.

Ozsoy, N., Yilmaz, T., Kurt. O., Can, A., Yanardag, R. (2009). In vitro antioxidant activity of Amaranthus lividus L. Food Chemistry, 116(4), 867-872.

Pospisil, A., Pospisil, M., Macesic, D., Svecnjak, Z. (2009). Yield and quality of forage sorghum and different amaranth species (Amaranthus spp.) biomass. Agriculture conspectus scientific, 74(2), 85-89.

Putnam, D. H. (2007). Center for alternative plant and animal products Minnesota extension services. University of Minnesota. St Paul Mn. 1-5.

Rastogi, A. & Shukla, S. (2013). Amaranth: a new millennium crop of nutraceutical values. Food science and nutrition 53, 109-125.

Russian Organization for Standardization (2012). Near infrared spectroscopy (State standard No. 32041-2012. Retrieved from

Saratovsky, L. I., Vashchenko, E. G, Fedotov, V. A., Kazazyan, V. V. (2018). Elements of varietal technology of amaranth cultivation in the steppe zone of the Central black earth region. Bulletin of the Voronezh state agrarian University, 1(56), 22-31. [in Russian].

Shishova, L. L., Tonkonogov, V. D., Lebedeva, I. I., Gerasimova, M. I. (2004). Classification and diagnostics of soils in Russia. Smolensk: Oikumen [in Russian].

Taipova, R. M. & Kuluev, B. R. (2015). Amaranth: features of culture, application, and prospects of cultivation in Russia. Biomics, 4(2), 84-90. [in Russian].

Thapa, R. & Blair, M. (2018). Morphological assessment of cultivated and wild amaranth species diversity. Agronomy, 8, 272-280.

Topwal M. (2019). A review on Amaranth: nutraceutical and virtual plant for providing food security and nutrients. Acta Scientific Agriculture, 3(1), 9-15.

Ulbricht, C., Abrams, T., Conquer, J., Costa, D., Serrano, J. M. G., Taylor, S., Varghese, M. (2009). An evidence-based systematic review of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) by the natural standard research collaboration. Journal of dietary supplements, 6(4), 390-417.

Uusikua, N. P., Oelofsea, K. G., Duodub, M. J., Besterc, M. Megan, J. (2010). Nutritional value of leafy vegetables of sub-Saharan Africa and their potential contribution to human health. Food composition and analysis, 23, 499-509.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Oksana Dmitreva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941