Applicability of invasive alien plants in controlling harmful organisms of cultivated plants

Žiga LAZNIK, Tanja BOHINC, Stanislav TRDAN


With a rapid growth invasive alien plants cause a lot of problems not only to indigenous varieties of plants, but also for people, as they are often the cause of many health problems, such as allergies, and they also contribute to greater economic loss. Plant protection is an activity which, on the basis of appropriate scientific knowledge by means of various methods and an economical manner, protects cultivated plants from harmful organisms. In Slovenia, as well as worldwide, the use of pesticides in plant protection programmes is the most widespread method due to price and other benefits. Researchers are looking for new, environmentally more acceptable ways of protecting plants against harmful organisms due to adverse environmental effects of pesticides, their non-target activity, the occurence of resistance to pesticides, and increasingly stringent environmental policies. One such measure is also the study of plant extracts in the suppresing of economically important harmful organisms. In a review article, we focused on the literature review of the usefeulness of plant extracts of several invasive alien plant species in plant protection: knotweeds (Fallopia japonica [Houtt.] Ronse Decr), F. x bohemica (Chrtek & Chrtková) Bailey), goldenrods (Solidago canadensis L., S. gigantea Aiton), stag's-horn sumac (Rhus typhina L.), tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima [Mill.] Swingle), false indigo (Amorpha fruticosa L.) and stinkwort (Dittrichia graveolens [L.] Greuter), which we are studying within the project ApPLAuSE.


invasive alien plant species; Fallopia japonica; Fallopia x bohemica; Ailanthus altissima; Solidago canadensis; Solidago gigantea; Rhus typhina; Amorpha fruticosa; plant protection


Abhilasha D., Quintana N., Vivanco J., Joshi J. (2008). Do allelopathic compounds in invasive Solidago canadensis s.l. restrain the native European flora? Journal of Ecology, 96, 993-1001. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01413.x

Aguilera A.G., Alpert P., Dukes J.S., Harrington R. (2010). Impacts of the invasive plant Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) on plant communities and ecosystem processes. Biological Invasions, 12, 1243-1252. doi:10.1007/s10530-009-9543-z

Andolfi A., Zermane N., Cimmino A., Avolio F., Boari A., Vurro M., Evidente A. (2013). Inuloxins A-D, phytotoxic bi- and tri-cyclic sesquiterpene lactones produced by Inula viscosa: potential for broomrapes and field dodder management. Phytochemistry, 86, 112-120. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.10.003

Anžlovar S., Dolenc Koce S. (2014). Antimicrobial and antifungal acitivity of aqueous and organic extracts from indigenous and invasive species of goldenrod (Solidago spp.) grown in Slovenia. Phyton, 54, 135-147.

Balassi G., Meszaros Z. (1999). Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) extracts against the larvae of Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say). Novenyvedelem, 35, 311-315.

Baličević R., Ravlić M., Živković T. (2015). Allelopathic effect of invasive species giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea Ait.) on crops and weeds. Herbologia, 15, 19-29. doi:10.5644/Herb.15.1.03

Balkan B., Balkan S., Aydoğdu H., Özcan Ö. (2014). Antifungal activities of Ailanthus altissima Swingle and Juglans regia L. leaves against some cereal fungi. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 8, 76-79.

Bardin M., Fargues J., Nicot P.C. (2008) Compatibility between biopesticides used to control grey mould, powdery mildew and whitefly on tomato. Biological Control, 46, 476-483. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2008.05.012

Bing C., Li Hua S., Xi Zeng X. (2004). Effects of Ailanthus altissima and its extract on feeding and oviposition of Anoplophora glabripennis. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University, 28, 15-18.

Bing Yao S., Jian Zhong T., Zhi Gang W., Fu Gen G., Ming De Z. (2006). Allelopathic effects of extracts from Solidago canadensis L. against seed germination and seedling growth of some plants. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 18, 304-309.

Blackburn T.M., Cassey P., Duncan R.P., Evans K.L., Gaston K.J. (2004). Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands. Science, 305, 1955-1958. doi:10.1126/science.1101617

Butcko V.M., Jensen R.J. (2002). Evidence of tissue-specific allelopathic activity in Euthamia graminifolia and Solidago canadensis (Asteraceae). The American Midland Naturalist, 184, 253-262. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2002)148[0253:EOTSAA]2.0.CO;2

Caboni P., Ntalli N.G., Aissani N., Cavoski I., Angioni A. (2012). Nematicidal activity of (E,E)-2-4-decadienal and (E)-2-decanal from ailanthus altissima against Melodoigyne javanica. Journal of Agricultural and food Chemistry, 60, 1146-1151. doi:10.1021/jf2044586

Cox C.J., McCarty L.B., Toler J.E., Lewis S.A., Martin S.B. (2006). Suppressing sting nematodes with Brassica sp., poinsettia, and spotted spurge extracts. Agronomy Journal, 98, 962-967. doi:10.2134/agronj2005.0235

Csiszár Á. (2009). Allelopathic effects of invasive woody plant species in Hungary. Acta Silvatica and Lignaria Hungarica, 5, 9-17.

De Feo V., De Martino L., Quaranta E., Pizza C. (2003). Isolation of phytotoxic compounds from tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima Swingle). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51, 1177-1180. doi:10.1021/jf020686+

Demir H., Acik L., Bali E.B., Koc L.Y., Kaynak G. (2009). Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Solidago virgaurea extracts. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8, 274-279.

Dor E., Hershenhorn J. (2012). Allelopathic effects of Inula viscosa leaf extracts on weeds. Allelopathy Journal, 30, 281-290.

Fan P., Hostettmann K., Lou H. (2010). Allelochemicals of the invasive neophyte Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc. (Polygonaceae). Chemoecology, 20, 223-227. doi:10.1007/s00049-010-0052-4

Fang F., Shui Liang G., Hua H., Ying W. (2007). Effects of maceration extract from Solidago canadensis at the flowering stage on the seed germination and growth of three crops. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 27, 569-573.

Gombos M.A., Gasko K. (1977). Extraction of natural antifeedants from the furits of Amorpha fructicosa L. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae scientarum Hungaricae, 12, 349-357.

Grašič M., Anžlovar S., Krajšek Strgulc S. (2016a). Germination rate of stinkwort (Dittrichia graveolans) and false yellowhead (D. viscosa) in relation to salinity. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 59, 5-11.

Grašič M., Anžlovar S., Krajšek Strgulc S. (2016b). The impact of aqueous extracts of stinkwort (Dittrichia graveolens) and false yellowhead (D. viscosa) on germination of selected plant species. Phyton, 56, 293-301.

Heisey R.M. (1990). Allelopathic and herbicidal effects of extracts from tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima). American Journal of Botany, 77, 662-670. doi:10.1002/j.1537-2197.1990.tb14451.x

Herger G., Klingauf F. (1990). Control of powdery mildew fungi with extracts of the giant knotweed, Reynoutria sachalinensis Polygonaceae. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 55, 1007-1014.

Herger G., Klingauf F., Mangold D., Pommer E.-H., Scherer M. (1988). Efficacy of extracts of Reynoutria sachalinensis F. Schmidt Nakai Polygonaceae, against fungal diseases, especially powdery mildews. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen PflanzenSchutzdienstes, 40, 56-60.

Jogan N., Bačič M., Strgulc Krajšek S. (2012). Tujerodne in invazivne rastline v Sloveniji. CRP Neobiota Slovenije-končno poročilo, 161-182.

Klingauf F., Stein U., Bestmann H.J., Vostrowsky O., Classen B., Kobold U. (1988). Herbal insecticides. 6. Effects of an ethanolic leaf extract of Buck's horn (Rhus typhina L.) on different pest insects. Journal of Applied Entomology, 105, 41-47. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0418.1988.tb00159.x

Konstantinidou-Doltsinis S., Schmitt A. (1998). Impact of treatment with plant extracts from Reynoutria sachalinensis F. Schmidt Nakai on disease severity of powdery mildew and yield in cucumber under Greek conditions. Crop Protection, 17, 649-656. doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00066-0

Konstantinidou-Doltsinis S., Markellou E., Kasselaki A.-M., Fanouraki M.N., Koumaki C.M., Schmitt A., Liopa-Tsakalidis A., Malathrakis N.E. (2006). Efficacy of Milsana®, a formulated plant extract from Reynoutria sachalinensis, against powdery mildew of tomato (Leveillula taurica). BioControl, 51, 375-392. doi:10.1007/s10526-005-5247-1

Konstantinidou-Doltsinis S., Markellou E., Kasselaki A.-M., Siranidou E., Kalamarakis A., Tzembelikou K., Schmitt A., Koumakiss C., Malathrakis N.E. (2007). Control of powdery mildew of grape in Greece using SporodexReg. L and MilsanaReg. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 114, 256-262. doi:10.1007/BF03356226

Kutas J., Nádasy M. (2005). Antifeedant effects of several plant extracts on Colorado potato beetle larvae. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 40, doi:10.1556/APhyt.40.2005.3-4.17

Lalancette N., Furman L.A., White J.F. (2013) Management of peach rusty spot epidemics with biorational fungicides. Crop Protection, 43, 7-13. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2012.08.006

Laznik Ž., Trdan S. (2017). Occurence of the common amber snail Succinea putris (L.) (Gastropoda: Styllomatophora) on japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica [Houtt.] Ronse Decraene) in Slovenia – possible weed biocontrol agent. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 6, 21-25. doi:10.5539/sar.v6n2p21

Levizou E., Karageorgou P., Petropoulou Y., Grammatikopoulos G., Manetas Y. (2004). Induction of ageotropic response in lettuce radicle growth by epicuticular flavonoid aglycons of Dittrichia viscosa. Biologia Plantarum, 48, 305-307. doi:10.1023/B:BIOP.0000033462.71065.93

Liang Y., Li X., Gu Z., Qin P., Ji M. (2015). Toxicity of amorphigenin from the seeds of Amorpha fructicosa against the larvae of Culex pipiens pallens (Diptera: Culicidae). Molecules, 20, 3238-3254. doi:10.3390/molecules20023238

Mishra D., Joshi S., Bisht G., Pilkhwal S. (2010). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Solidago canadensis L. root essential oil. Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy, 1, 187-190.

Moradshahi A., Yaghmaee P., Ghadiri H. (2002). Allelopathic potential of tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima Swingle). Iran Agricultural research, 21, 27-38.

Moravcova L., Pysek P., Jarosik V., Zakravsky P. (2011). Potential phytotoxic and shading effects of invasive Fallopia (Polygonaceae) taxa on the germination of dominant native species. NeoBiota, 9, 39-47.

Morel A.F., Dias G.O., Porto C., Simionatto E., Stuker C.Z., Dalcol I.I. (2006). Antimicrobial activity of extractives of Solidago microglossa. Fitoterapia, 77, 453-455. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2006.05.006

Mosch J., Klingauf F., Zeller W. (1989). On the effect of plant extracts against fireblight (Erwinia amylovora). Acta Horticulturae, 273, 355-361. doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.1990.273.52

Murrell C., Gerber E., Krebs C., Parepa M., Schaffner U., Bossdorf O. (2011). Invasive knotweed affects native plants through allelopathy. American Journal of Botany, 98, 38-43. doi:10.3732/ajb.1000135

Neuhaus W., Pallut W. (1992). Modellversuche zur Bekämpfung des Echten Mehltaus Oidium lycopersicum (Cooke et Massee) der Tomate sowie Einfuss von Pflanzenstaerkungsmitteln. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen undesanstalt fuer Land- und Fortwirtschaft, 283, 193.

Omezzine F., Ladhari A., Rinez A., Haouala R. (2011). Allelopathic potential of Inula graveolens on crops and weeds. Allelopathy Journal, 28, 63-76.

Parker C. (2009). Observations on the current status of Orobanche and Striga problems worldwide. Pest Management Science, 65, 453-459. doi:10.1002/ps.1713

Pavela R., Vrchtová N., Šerá B. (2008). Growth inhibitory effect of extracts from Reynoutria sp. plants against Spodoptera littoralis larvae. Agrociencia, 42, 573-584.

Polyakov D.K., Khaidarov K.M., Shreter A.I. (1977). The acaricidal and repellent effect of plant sof the natural flora of the USSR and introduced species on ixodid ticks. Rastitel'nye Resursy, 13, 267-275.

Prathibha K.P., Raghavendra B.S., Vijayan V.A. (2014). Larvicidal, ovicidal, and oviposition-deterrent activities of four plant extracts against three mosquito species. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, 6736-6743. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-2591-7

Rayne S., Mazza G. (2007). Biological activities of extracts from sumac (Rhus spp.): a review. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 62, 165-175. doi:10.1007/s11130-007-0058-4

Sekutowski T.R., Bortniak M., Domaradzki K. (2012). Assessment of allelopathic potential on invasive plants – goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) on buckwheat (Fagopyrum sagittatum) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering, 57, 86-91.

Shaw, R.H., Bryner, S., Tanner, R. (2009). The life history and host range of the Japanese knotweed psyllid, Aphalara itadori Shinji: Potentially the first classical biological weed control agent for the European Union. Biological Control, 49, 105-113. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.01.016

Sladonja B., Sušek M., Guillermic J. (2015). Review on Invasive Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima [Mil.] Swingle) Conflicting Values: Assessment of Its Ecosystem Services and Potential Biological Threat. Environmental Management, 56, 1009-1034. doi:10.1007/s00267-015-0546-5

Sofou K., Isaakidis D., Spyros A., Büttner A., Giannis A., Katerinopoulos H.E. (2017). Use of costic acid, a natural extract from Dittrichia viscosa, for the control of Varroa destructor, a parasite of the European honey bee. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 13, 952-959. doi:10.3762/bjoc.13.96

Stamatakis K., Konstantopolou M. (2001). Allelopathy effects of aqueous rinses of Dittrichia viscosa (L.) on the photosynthesis and cell proliferation of N2-fixing soil cyanobacteria. Proceedings of the 12th International congress on Phytosynthesis, 3, 4.

Starks C.M., Williams R.B., Goering M.G., O'Neil-Johnson M., Norman V.L., Hu J.F., Garo E., Hough G.W., Rice S.M., Eldrige G.R. (2010). Antibacterial clerodane diterpenes from Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea). Phytochemistry, 71, 104-109. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.09.032

Stavrianakou S., Liakoura V., Levizou E., Karageorgou P., Delis C., Liakopoulos C., Karabourniotis G., Manetas Y. (2004). Allelopathic effects of water-soluble leaf epicuticular meterial from Dittrichia viscosa in seed germination of crops and weeds. Allelopathy Journal, 14, 35-41.

Stephan D., Schmitt A., Martins Carvalho S., Seddon B., Koch E. (2005). Evaluation of biocontrol preparations and plant extracts for the control of Phytophthora infestans on potato leaves. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 112, 235-246. doi:10.1007/s10658-005-2083-1

Stephanou M., Manetas Y. (1995). Allelopathic and water conserving functions of leaf epicuticular exudates in the Mediterranean shrub Dittrichia viscosa. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 22, 755-759. doi:10.1071/PP9950755

Stoll P., Gatzsch K., Rusterholz H., Baur B. (2012). Response of plant and gastropod species to knotweed invasion. Basic and Applied Ecology, 13, 232-240. doi:10.1016/j.baae.2012.03.004

Tomczyk A. (2006). Nutritious attractiveness of cucumber leaves to spider mites after treatment with selected inducers of plant resistance. Progress in Plant Protection, 64, 433-436.

Tucker Serniak L. (2016). Comparison of the allelopathic effects and uptake of Fallopia japonica phytochemicaly by Raphanus sativus. European Weed Research Society, 56, 97-101. doi:10.1111/wre.12199

Vrchotová N., Šerá B. (2008). Allelopathic properties of knotweed rhizome extracts. Plant Soil and Environment, 54, 301-303. doi:10.17221/420-PSE

Wang C., Xiao H., Zhao L., Liu J., Wang L., Zhang F., Shi Y., Du D. (2016). The allelopathic effects of invasive plant Solidago canadensis on seed germination and growth of Lactuca sativa enhanced by different types of acid deposition. Ecotoxicology, 25, 555-562. doi:10.1007/s10646-016-1614-1

Zhang S., Jin Y., Tang J., Chen X. (2009). The invasive plant Solidago canadensis L. suppresses local soil pathogens through allelopathy. Applied Soil Ecology, 41, 215-222. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.11.002

Zhang S., Zhu W.J., Wang B., Tang J.J., Chen X. (2011). Secondary metabolites from invasive Solidago canadensis L. accumulation in soil and contribution to inhibition of soil pathogen Pythium ultimum. Applied Soil Ecology, 48, 280-286. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2011.04.011



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Žiga Laznik, Tanja Bohinc, Stanislav Trdan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Acta agriculturae Slovenica is an Open Access journal published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY License.


eISSN 1854-1941